1. Humidity has a direct impact on transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and skin hydration. A decrease in humidity causes an increase in TEWL and a decrease in skin moisture. It is important to react to these changes with foresight, preventively and appropriately.
2. In winter, more attention must be paid to the moisturizing factors in the care creams and, if necessary, the dosage of lipids and moisture-binding film-forming agents on the skin's surface must be increased. Otherwise, the skin dries out and the barrier is open to microorganisms and other foreign substances. It's no secret that by the end of winter the risk of infection reaches a maximum. At this time, flu and mucosal irritations in the respiratory tract are also booming.
3. A factor that is often overlooked is clothing . Too tight: The barrier fabrics are rubbed off. Incomplete: parts of the skin are not protected and cool down. Unsuitable material: Impregnations are transferred to the skin and cause irritation or pimples. Intimate area: no air exchange, too warm and damp; the spectrum of the microbiome is changing. The same applies to the feet: boots that reach to the knee and are worn for hours promote mycoses on the feet.
4. Coming back to the changed compositions of the care products: Over-care should not be allowed. Too much of a good thing overwhelms sensitive skin prone to rosacea, perioral dermatitis and acne. In addition to the moderate dosage, care must be taken to ensure that precautions are taken to prevent the growth of unwanted anaerobes under the protective cover layer. This can be achieved with the harsh preservatives in the skincare - with the risk of developing allergies. To avoid this, liposomal azelaic acid sera for pre-treatment or azelaic acid up to one percent in phosphatidylcholine-containing creams and oleogels are well suited as alternatives. Phosphatidylcholine, the basic substance of our cell membranes, ensures optimal availability of the active ingredient.
5. Eyes and lips are easily overlooked when preparing for winter. When it comes to the eyes, it is getting used to the artificial light that, especially in connection with screen work, increasingly stresses the conjunctiva and promotes dry eyes. Spray lotions sprayed on the closed eye help prevent the problem before it becomes evident and becomes difficult to fix. Lips will have to be re-treated more often in winter or you will have to switch to other compositions. If only face creams have gotten on your lips so far, you should fall back on light phosphatidylcholine-based oleogels without paraffins.
6. What is often underestimated is the influence of daily exercise on skin, connective tissue and microcirculation. If the time spent outside is reduced and sporting activities threaten to die down, a gym subscription – can be a big help in maintaining continuity throughout the year.
7. When it comes to skin care creams, it should also be noted that after switching to a stronger barrier protection during the day, women keep a rather light cream in the evening, which enables optimal regeneration at night.
8. Finally, a few words about skin cleansing : In winter, people like to wrap up warm and avoid cold water. After an initially warm shower, cold water is the ideal treatment for strengthening the connective tissue and contributing to good skin condition as it releases adrenal hormones.
9.. A rule that is often disregarded is the careful drying of the spaces between the toes . It is important to allow a period of time in the air before the skin disappears again under multi-layer packaging. This gives the ubiquitous fungal spores little opportunity to start wreaking havoc on the still moist skin. If an infection does occur, often in the form of tinea (infection with dermatophytes), it is practical to have an antifungal cream on hand, for example with the active ingredient terbinafine, before the pathogens penetrate deeper into the skin dig skin.